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Native Trees and Shrubs of the Soundside community
The Soundside area has many elevations as you stroll along the numerous paths throughout our development. Some of the species that we would like to make note of in Soundside are listed below. We encourage incorporation of as many native trees, shrubs and vegetation as possible in the home site landscaping design. Most native species require very little maintenance and enhance berm areas.
(1) Sweet Bay or Silver Bays are well
known because just about every low spot,
(2) The Saw Palmetto is easy to
recognize by touching its stems of sharp saw teeth. This palm once had great
value to the Florida Indians. Its fruit was a staple food in their diet and
its fronds were used for making roofs and baskets. It grows in sandy soil
and is a common understudy plant in the area.
(3) Conradina is a small shrub that
belongs to the mint family. This plant grows on dry sandy soils of Santa
Rosa Island as well as the mainland coastal areas. The tiny lance shaped
leaves are pale green, aromatic and clustered along the stem. It blooms in
the spring with many small lavender flowers. The leaves emit a very pleasant
odor when crushed.
(4) Deer Moss is a sphaghnum that lives
directly on top of sand. It looks like a sponge and has the ability to
resist drought. Dry, dead looking moss becomes green after rain. Such
adaptive features add much to anchor a berm area.
(5) Wax Myrtle is a member of the
bayberry family, with a yellow resin on the leaves giving it a golden brown
cast. It’s very aromatic when crushed and was once used in candle making. An
attractive shrub/tree that is very low maintenance in landscaping.
(6) Ti-Ti, also known as Swamp Cyrilla,
American Cyrilla, White Ti-Ti, Leatherwood and Ironwood, is a semi-evergreen
shrub or small tree with attractive small white flowers and fruiting
capsules arranged in narrow, often clustered, lateral racemes. Though
usually not over 15’ high, it can sometimes reach 25 to 30’ in height with a
trunk diameter of 10 to 14”. Ti-Ti is an important honey plant and is a
source of the nectar bees in making the excellent “Ti-Ti honey”.
(7) The Live Oak is easily recognized by
its evergreen leaves with edges curled under to make a boat-shape. The tree
usually branches near the ground and was widely used in ship-building
because of its large, arching limbs. In the days of sailing ships it
provided timbers for the ribs and knees of ships. Near the water, it is
commonly deformed by wind and salt spray, forming a low, shrubby growth.
(8) Yaupon Holly, a small-leafed
evergreen shrub, is a hardy relative of the well known American holly. The
dried leaves were used during the Civil War as a substitute for coffee since
they are a source of caffeine. Too strongly brewed however, the leaves can
induce vomiting (scientific name is Ilex Vomitoria). The berries ripen in
the fall to a yellow/orange or red color.
(9) Sand Pine is a small, common pine on
coastal soils of Florida. It is recognized by the dark green needles, 2 to
3.5” long, found in bundles of two and by the cones which remain on the tree
for several years.
(10) The Slash Pine is a straight tree,
easily recognized by the bark pattern that is broken into large plates and
covered with thin, papery orange colored scales. The needles are 6 to 8”
long and borne in bundles of 2 or 3. The wood and turpentine products are
commercially important in the South.
(11) Turkey Oak is an irregular tree or
shrub with open crowns of crooked branches. It has large, nearly triangular
leaves, spreading from point base into 4 to 8” long lobes. Prominent, veined
leaves turn red before shedding in early winter. The wood chops and burns
(12) Scrub Oak is the same as Live Oak,
but because of high soil drainage and harsh conditions, it never grows as
tall as the Live Oak tree.
(13) Evergreen Blueberry is an erect
evergreen shrub up to 3’ tall and has ¾”
(14) The Partridgeberry, Twinberry or
Twin Flower is a creeping, moist woodland perennial with paired tubular
flowers. The colorful red fruit is edible though it is tasteless. It is
apparently eaten only as a last resort by wildlife, since the berries often
remain on the plant for months. The flowers bloom from April to June with
the berries ripening in August or September, often persisting until the
following spring. Partridgeberry is one of the most adaptable and
easy-to-grow groundcovers for the home gardener in the South.
(15) Fetterbush or Lantern Bush grows in
swamps and along streams and is especially attractive when in bloom. The
bell-shaped flowers hang downward along the stems, while the fruits turn
upward. The leaves have veins around the lower sides of the margins,
allowing the plants to be easily identified by touch. Dark green leaves are
very similar to the camellia leaf.
(16) Muscadine Grape plants can climb
high into the trees by means of unbranched tendrils. The alternate, simple,
grape shaped leaves may have tendrils or fruit clusters opposite them.
Thevines make good baskets and wreaths.
(17) Florida Rosemary is scattered over
dunes and other high, well drained areas. The small evergreen leaves remind
you of a fir. The round bush, several feet high, gives a faint and pleasant
(18) Gallberry is a type of holly that
forms large thickets 2 to 5’ tall in damp, sunny areas. The berries are inky
black and bitter tasting when mature, remaining on the plant all winter. The
evergreen leaves are 1 to 2” long and have only a few teeth near the top.
(19) Gopher-Apple is a small shrub up to
12” tall with horizontal under-ground stems making it appear to be many
separate small Oak or Cherry Laurel seedlings. Mature fruit is eaten by land
turtles (Gophers) and homo sapiens seeking a new flavor.
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Dick Godwin or Diane Stephens
EMAIL FOR MORE
711 W. Garden St.
Pensacola, Fl 32501
Phone # 850 432-2583 Fax # 850 438- 4226